Emmanuel Macron promises to “intensify” France’s efforts to achieve the objectives set
The President of the Republic detailed his roadmap for the climate in a video posted on social networks.
France mustdouble” his “effort rate» to reduce its carbon emissions if it wants to reach its objectives in 2030admitted on Saturday the president Emmanuel Macronby drawing a calendar – from February to June – of the deadlines to be respected by sector of activity (transport, agriculture, etc.).
“Today, we are not there. And if we don’t change things, we won’t make it“, he explains in a video published on social networks, two days after having gathered a discreet “green planning councilat the Elysée. “If we want to reach our 2030 target, we must go to 270 million tonnes of CO2 emitted“, against 410 million tons in 2022, recalls the Head of State, “which means that between now and 2030 we have to reduce by 140 million tonnes (…) which means that we simply have to double the rate of effort compared to what we have done in the last five years“.
A strategy deemed insufficient by the Climate Action Network
Anne Bringault, from the Réseau Action Climat, which brings together 27 NGOs including Greenpeace, welcomes this observation: the president “finally assumes the delay in meeting France’s climate objectives and the need to greatly accelerate action.” But the “concrete measures are still awaited“, she regrets, “only a decision schedule is proposed“.
In fact, the President recalled the CO2 emissions by major sector contributing to warming the atmosphere, from transport – the leading source of emissions in France with 30% – to waste (3%), via agriculture (19 %), industry (19%), building (18%) and energy (10%). In the transports, “we failed to lower“, he acknowledged, advocating “to intensify» the current policy: to electrify the fleet of private vehicles with a conversion bonus, an ecological bonus, and above all the production of cars in France.
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A strategy deemed insufficient by the Climate Action Network for which the electric vehicle is only part of the solution. “Emmanuel Macron had announced an electric vehicle leasing at 100 euros, but it is impossible to set up without subsidizing foreign cars because French manufacturers do not make affordable small cars, you would have to twist their armsays Anne Bringault. The planned announcement in February by Élisabeth Borne of measures toimproving public transport infrastructure» will be a «key moment“, according to her : “This will be the first marker of a real change of course“.
Environmental planning in all sectors
For agriculture,we must go much further, much harder to reduce our emissions“, urged the president, who intends to have a finalized plan”in June“. This will have to be articulated with a future law in favor of the installation of young farmers. Linking agriculture and energy, Emmanuel Macron seems to indicate that aid for the installation of young farmers could be conditional on objectives in terms of energy production, biomass, or an improvement in carbon storage.
From here “March April“, the president also counts”finalize the forestry strategy“replanting”a billion treesto improve the carbon sink. The absorption of CO2 by vegetation has collapsed in France since 2013 under the effect of droughts and fires. On the building side, no announcement, while many voices are calling for a massive energy renovation plan for housing and public buildings, hospitals, schools, etc. The president simply underlines the opening of a “consultation” in “february» and says search «a slightly more innovative way of organizing the effort“.
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In industry, after having brought together the representatives of the 50 most polluting sites at the Élysée in November, he recalled the appointment set “at the end of Mayto assess theirdecarbonization strategy“. In energy, he announces from here “February March” a new “sobriety plan“, the Prime Minister being responsible for announcing a “planning” from here “may June“.
Saturday’s Official Journal details the operation of the new regional energy committees, piloted in dual command by the prefects and presidents of the region, and responsible for organizing the production of renewable electricity, the heat and cold recovery networks. , in the territories. “I do not hide from you that there is a lot, a lot, a lot of work“, concluded Emmanuel Macron. “We get into the hard (…) It will take public money but it also takes private money“. In the Journal du Dimanche, the Minister of the Economy Bruno Le Maire figures at “60 to 70 billion additional euros per year» the cost of the effort required to make the energy transition a success.